The U.S. has lost 58 ‘million-dollar’ cities since the market’s peak in July


Mar 13, 2023, 08:00 ET

The rebalancing of the housing market has been felt the most in areas where affordability is stretched

  • There are currently 464 U.S. cities where the typical home value is $1 million or more. There were 522 at the housing market’s peak last July.
  • There are 190 “million-dollar” cities in California alone.
  • The New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles metro areas have the most million-dollar cities, though they have also lost the most million-dollar cities since the market peaked.

SEATTLE, March 13, 2023 /PRNewswire/ — The U.S. has lost 58 “million-dollar” cities — cities where the typical home is worth $1 million or more — since the housing market peaked last July, a new Zillow® analysis shows. In the six months after the peak, the typical home in million-dollar cities lost an average of $114,500 in value.

The housing market is singing a much different tune than in recent years as it continues to rebalance toward normal. Last year set a record for the most new million-dollar cities amid supercharged housing demand. Both demand and supply hit the brakes in the second half of 2022 after mortgage rates spiked. Buyers, stretched thin in what they could afford, flocked to lower-priced homes, a reversal from earlier in the pandemic. With fewer buyers able to use the support of historically low interest rates to help afford homes with a high price tag, expensive markets felt the biggest impact of the slowdown.

“Unfortunately for buyers, mortgage rates have overwhelmed these price cuts. But even though competition is picking up as we enter home shopping season this spring, it’s a much friendlier environment to buy a home for those who can make the finances work,” said Anushna Prakash, economic data analyst at Zillow. “Sellers may have missed the market’s peak, but they can still get a higher price for their homes than last year in most markets, and certainly more than they would have before the pandemic. Getting the pricing right and boosting a home’s online curb appeal are keys to success for this spring’s sellers.”

The typical U.S. home is worth 4.1% less than it was last July, according to the Zillow Home Value Index. In current million-dollar cities, the typical home has lost 6.3% of its value during that time, on average.

Thirty-two states are home to at least one million-dollar city. There were 33 states with one such city last summer, but Montana’s lone million-dollar city has since fallen off that list. Gallatin Gateway, a small community in the Bozeman area, has seen its typical home value fall to $987,824 — down about $117,000 since peaking in June.

Coastal states continue to dominate the list. Of the 464 current million-dollar cities, 387 are in a state on either U.S. coast. California alone has 190 million-dollar cities, more than the next six states combined. There are 37 cities with a typical home value of more than $3 million, 36 of them in coastal states and one in Hawaii.

California has also lost 20 million-dollar cities since July, easily more than any other state. Texas and New Jersey are next, losing five million-dollar cities each. Florida has lost four, and Utah and Hawaii have each lost three.

At the metro level, the New York City area has the most million-dollar cities, with 90. San Francisco (67 million-dollar cites), Los Angeles (53) and San Jose (21) are next, with Boston (19) holding enough strength to round out the top five, after tying with Seattle at this time last year.

Los Angeles has lost the most million-dollar cities since July, with seven falling below that mark. The New York City metro area has lost six, San Francisco has lost four, and Austin has lost three during that time.

Million-Dollar Cities by State
State$1 Million Cities: January 2023$1 Million Cities: July 2022
New York6466
New Jersey3237
Colorado, Washington1618
South Carolina66
Connecticut, Virginia56
Minnesota, Tennessee45
Nevada, Wyoming44
Missouri, North Carolina35
Arizona, Idaho23
New Hampshire, Ohio, Wisconsin22
Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Michigan,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island
Metro Areas With the Most Million-Dollar Cities
Metro Area$1 Million Cities: January 2023$1 Million Cities: July 2022
New York, NY9096
San Francisco, CA6771
Los Angeles, CA5360
San Jose, CA2123
Boston, MA1920
Seattle, WA1517
Miami–Fort Lauderdale, FL1516
Washington, DC1112
Santa Maria–Santa Barbara, CA99
Santa Rosa, CA88
San Diego, CA78
Vineyard Haven, MA77
Dallas–Fort Worth, TX68
Denver, CO67
Salinas, CA66